Tuesday, July 03, 2012

Demographics Drive Democracy



"Today we are in an era of unprecedented demographic divergence, with population trends moving simultaneously in different directions. Some countries are beginning to experience population decline, while others continue to grow rapidly," says Elizabeth Leahy Madsen, formerly the senior research associate at Population Action International (PAI). In this primer video from ECSP, Madsen explains how global demographic trends affect economic development, national security, and foreign policy.

Read the full post on New Security Beat: http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2011/06/watch-demographic-security-101-with.html



Demographics Drive Democracy

Population Stories to Watch from the Wilson Center

WASHINGTON, July 2, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- As World Population Day approaches, Wilson Center consultant and demographer Elizabeth Leahy Madsen says the Arab Spring demonstrates that countries with very young age structures are prone both to higher incidence of civil conflict and undemocratic governance. "Among the five countries where revolt took root, those with the earliest success in ousting autocratic leaders also had the most mature age structures and the least youthful populations," she writes on the New Security Beat . What happens next in Egypt, Libya, Yemen, and Syria will further test the connection between youth and democracy discovered by fellow Wilson Center consulting demographer Richard Cincotta.
In South Asia, Madsen finds that as Afghanistan and Pakistan's political circumstances have become more entwined, their demographic paths are more closely parallel than expected. "For Afghanistan, given its myriad socioeconomic, political, cultural, and geographic challenges, this is good news. But for Pakistan, where efforts to meet family planning needs have fallen short of capacity, it is not," she writes in the first issue of the newly relaunched ECSP Report, "Afghanistan, Against the Odds: A Demographic Surprise."
Other top population issues to watch:
  • New commitments to family planning: An international summit in London on July 11, co-hosted by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the UK's Department for International Development and supported by USAID and UNFPA, may produce financial commitments toward meeting a new and ambitious goal of generating $4 billion to fund contraceptives for 120 million women in developing countries by 2020.
  • Changing fertility rates in Africa : Contraceptive use over the past five years is growing much faster than the regional average in Ethiopia, Malawi, and Rwanda, leading to declining fertility rates. However, contraceptive use in other countries, including Mozambique, Senegal, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, are declining or showing only modest increases.
  • Revised global population projections : The 2013 revision of the World Population Prospects will provide a new global population prediction for 2050. This figure can vary dramatically: If the global fertility rate changes by 0.5 children per woman in either direction, the total population could be more than one billion higher or lower in 2050.
ABOUT
Since 1994, the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) has actively pursued the connections between the environment, health, population, development, conflict, and security. ECSP brings together scholars, policymakers, the media, and practitioners through events, research, publications, multimedia content (audio and video), and our award-winning blog, New Security Beat. The Environmental Change and Security Program Report 14 is the latest volume of ECSP's flagship publication. Published since 1996, ECSP Report is now an online series of policy briefs.
The Wilson Center provides a strictly nonpartisan space for the worlds of policymaking and scholarship to interact. By conducting relevant and timely research and promoting dialogue from all perspectives, it works to address the critical current and emerging challenges confronting the United States and the world.
RESOURCES
The Year Ahead in Political Demography: Top Issues to Watch 
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/the-year-ahead-political-demography
Afghanistan, Against the Odds: A Demographic Surprise
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/afghanistan-against-the-odds-demographic-surprise-0
Political Demography: How Population Changes Are Reshaping International Security and National Politics
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/political-demography-how-population-changes-are-reshaping-international-security-and-national
New Surveys Generate Mixed Demographic Signals for East and Southern Africa 
http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/05/new-surveys-generate-mixed-demographic.html
Population Projections: Breaking Down the Assumptions
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/population-projections-breaking-down-the-assumptions
Demographic Security 101 (VIDEO)
http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2011/06/watch-demographic-security-101-with.html
Tunisia Predicted: Demography and the Probability of Liberal Democracy in the Greater Middle East
http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2011/04/tunisia-predicted-demography-and.html
Yemen: Revisiting Demography After the Arab Spring 
http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/04/yemen-revisiting-demography-after-arab.html
Taming Hunger in Ethiopia: The Role of Population Dynamics
http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/05/taming-hunger-in-ethiopia-role-of.html
Uganda's Demographic and Health Challenges Put Into Perspective With Newfound Oil Discoveries
http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/04/ugandas-demographic-and-health.html
EXPERTS
Elizabeth Leahy Madsen is a consultant on political demography for the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program and senior technical advisor at Futures Group.
Richard Cincotta is a consultant on political demography for the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program and at the Stimson Center.

Contact:
Drew Sample
Media Relations, The Wilson Center
Drew.sample@wilsoncenter.org
202 691 4379
SOURCE The Wilson Center
Web Site: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/

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